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Hashimoto’s disease directly impacts the thyroid’s ability to function. When the thyroid does not produce hormonal balance, it can affect many other body functions, including pregnancy. Hashimoto’s disease causes troubling symptoms that interfere with all aspects of your pregnancy.

However, effective treatments are available, and working with a rare disease specialist gives you access to traditional and alternative therapies.

Introduction

Approximately 5 out of every 100 Americans over 12 have hypothyroidism. The majority are women, many of whom are pregnant. Hashimoto’s disease can cause mild, moderate, and severe problems for women in all stages of pregnancy, including preconception, during pregnancy, and postpartum.

In the article, you can learn precisely what Hashimoto’s disease is and how it impacts pregnancy. You can read about the symptoms and potential threats of Hashimoto’s on pregnancy. Managing Hashimoto’s disease is crucial to the health of an unborn baby and mother. We provide specific ways to ensure you get the proper treatment for any thyroid problems.

What is Hashimoto’s Disease?

Hashimoto thyroiditis is the official name of the autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland. If left untreated, Hashimoto’s can interfere with how your body functions. The thyroid gland is the gland at the front base of the neck. It makes hormones that control heart rate, metabolism, breathing, digestion, temperature, fertility, and more.

Hashimoto’s occurs when your body’s immune system makes antibodies that attack the thyroid, preventing it from making proper amounts of hormones. Often, this leads to hypothyroidism. 

Hashimoto’s Disease and Pregnancy

Women trying to become pregnant, are pregnant, or are in the postpartum stages are significantly impacted by untreated hypothyroidism. Reports claim thyroid disorders are the second most common endocrine disease among pregnant women, with Hashimoto’s being the most common cause of hypothyroidism.

Thyroid hormones are essential for developing your baby’s brain and nervous system. In the first trimester, a baby depends solely on the mother’s thyroid, but the baby’s thyroid starts working independently in the second trimester. If the mother’s thyroid is not working correctly, she may feel symptoms such as:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Muscle cramps
  • Constipation
  • Memory or concentration problems
  • Low tolerance to cold
  • Dry, thinning hair
  • Brittle nails
  • Puffy face
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Forgetfulness or brain fog
  • Depression, anxiety, or other mental health symptoms

Hashimoto’s may also cause the thyroid gland to enlarge, occasionally making it difficult to swallow. Unfortunately, many of the symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease mimic general pregnancy symptoms. Because the body produces higher levels of hormones during pregnancy, doctors may not connect your symptoms to hypothyroidism right away.

 

hashimoto's and pregnancy - Lyme Mexico

 

Pregnancy Problems with Hashimoto’s Disease

If left untreated, Hashimoto’s disease may cause the following problems during pregnancy:

  • Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia occurs in about one out of every 25 pregnancies. It is a disorder in which women develop hypertension or high blood pressure that is difficult to control. Women typically develop symptoms after about 20 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms include headaches, vision changes, nausea, vomiting, swelling, stomach pain, and trouble breathing.

  • Anemia

When your blood does not have enough red blood cells, you have anemia. Your blood cells have a difficult time carrying oxygen and iron to other parts of your body, including your unborn baby. Iron deficiencies during pregnancy can lead to premature births, low birth weight, and depression.

  • Placental Abruption

When the placenta breaks away from the inner wall of the uterus before giving birth, it is called placental abruption. This may lead to the need for an early delivery. Hashimoto’s disease increases the risk of placental abruption. Women may also experience bleeding, pain, or tenderness with contractions, changes in vital signs, and fetal distress.

  • Miscarriage

Not only can Hashimoto’s make it hard to get pregnant, but it can also lead to miscarriage if not adequately treated. This can happen when there is an imbalance of thyroid hormones or immune dysfunction. With Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system may mistake the baby as foreign and try to attack it.

Postpartum Problems with Hashimoto’s Disease

Even after a baby is born, Hashimoto’s disease can impact women. Potential problems include postpartum hemorrhage. Thyroid issues can lead to excessive bleeding soon after the baby’s birth, usually when delivering the placenta. 

You may also experience postpartum thyroiditis when your thyroid gland becomes or continues to be inflamed. As with Hashimoto’s disease, inflammation triggers the immune system to respond. The problem is that the immune system produces antibodies that attack the thyroid. Postpartum thyroiditis may not appear for four or more months after delivery. It occurs in approximately 5% to 10% of American women.

Treatment for Hashimoto’s Disease

The first line of treatment for Hashimoto’s disease is usually a synthetic thyroid hormone called levothyroxine. It can be taken during pregnancy and is not considered harmful to the baby while you are pregnant or when you are breastfeeding after delivery.

There are secondary treatments that can help you cope with fatigue, brain fog, weight gain, and other symptoms and side effects. Several alternative treatment categories exist, including:

  • Biologically based therapies include vitamins, minerals, herbs, probiotics, etc.
  • Mind and body therapies, including yoga, meditation, massage, acupuncture, etc.
  • Immune-boosting therapies, like immunomodulation therapy, oxidative stress, and detox diets.
  • Inflammation-lowering therapies, including IV glutathione and vitamin therapies.
  • Hormone therapies like bioidentical hormone replacement for your thyroid.

An example of a Hashimoto treatment protocol may include an anti-inflammatory diet that stabilizes iodine levels. Your doctor may also prescribe supplements like selenium, glutathione, and vitamin D.

Doctors specializing in treating Hashimoto’s disease, like those at Lyme Mexico Clinic, will create a treatment plan based on your health needs. They gather pertinent information during a comprehensive assessment and review of your medical history to help them choose the perfect treatments.

Getting Started With Treatment

You can reach out for help at any stage of your pregnancy, even when trying to conceive. Lyme Mexico Clinic can develop a Hashimoto treatment plan when you are trying to get pregnant, during your pregnancy, or post-delivery. If you notice symptoms of a thyroid problem or want to learn the source of your symptoms, don’t hesitate to seek help.

Consider traveling outside the United States, Canada, and the UK to Mexico to meet with a top clinic, Lyme Mexico. Learn more about coping with Lyme disease or schedule an evaluation. We can discuss your symptoms and the alternative treatment options that work.

 

hashimoto's and pregnancy - Lyme Mexico

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