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Spirochetes are bacteria transmitted from ticks to humans and are the root cause of Lyme disease. Some ticks can transmit multiple spirochetes, which can become dangerous and lead to painful symptoms if left untreated. Symptoms develop in stages and, fortunately, can be treated by a Lyme-literate doctor.


It is alarming that something microscopic can cause life-altering symptoms. Spirochetes are bacteria that can spread through your body, making it difficult to complete ordinary tasks. They can interfere with physical and mental health functioning. Knowing how spirochetal infections occur and the symptoms as they occur in stages can help you know when to get treatment. There are various treatments that Lyme-literate doctors offer to eliminate spirochetes and painful symptoms.

What Are Spirochetes?

Spirochetes are parasitic and cause diseases like Lyme disease in humans. They are long, thin, tightly coiled, or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that resemble a telephone cord but are microscopic. There are eight types of spirochetes, but only three are dangerous to humans: Treponema, Leptospira, and Borrelia.

Borrelia burgdorferi is the specific spirochete that causes Lyme disease in humans.

How Do Humans Get Lyme Spirochetes?

Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes are transmitted from an infected deer tick, or black-legged tick, to a human when they attach to the body, searching for a way to feed on human blood. Ticks don’t actually bite humans. Instead, they scratch open a spot on the skin and embed their head below the skin. It then begins feeding on your blood.

While feeding, they transmit the bacteria from their system to yours. Many ticks carry multiple types of bacteria, causing humans to carry Lyme disease and coinfections.

What Are the Spirochetes That Cause Coinfections?

Studies show that nearly 30% of deer ticks have multiple infections. The most common coinfections with Lyme disease include the following:

  • 32% Babesia
  • 28% Bartonella
  • 15% Ehrlichia
  • 15% Mycoplasma
  • 6% Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • 5% Anaplasma
  • 1% Tularemia

Having a coinfection means you can experience the symptoms of Lyme disease and the symptoms associated with the coinfection. It also means that symptoms will persist if both are not treated properly.

Why Are Spirochetes Dangerous?

Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes have unique characteristics that make them hard to detect and, therefore, hard to eliminate. Below are a few examples of why spirochetes are so dangerous:

  • Their corkscrew shape allows traveling through cell walls, tissues, fluids, and more.
  • They can change their shape, quickly adapting to various environments.
  • They build biofilms, tiny shields that hide them from antibiotics and the immune system.
  • They can become dormant and, when inactive, cannot be detected by Lyme disease tests.

These characteristics make it easy for spirochetes to remain in a human’s system for long periods, multiplying and spreading throughout the body, causing chronic symptoms of infection.


Spirochetes in Focus: Lyme Disease's Root Cause - Lyme Mexico


What Are the Symptoms of Borrelia Spirochete?

The Borrelia spirochetes cause painful symptoms that can interfere with daily functioning. In Lyme disease, symptoms occur in stages:

Stage 1: Early Localized

In the early localized stage of Lyme disease, spirochetes have not yet begun to spread to other parts of your body. Many people get a bullseye rash somewhere on their body. Other symptoms may include headaches, chills, fever, aches, sweats, stiff neck, digestive issues, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and joint and muscle pain.

Stage 2: Early Disseminated

In the early disseminated stage, spirochetes spread to other body parts. You may experience worsening symptoms from stage one, plus the following:

  • Vision changes
  • Lyme carditis or other heart problems
  • Facial paralysis
  • Rashes different than the bullseye rash

Stage 3: Late Disseminated

The longer you go without proper treatment for Lyme disease, symptoms may become chronic. Over months and years, you may experience a worsening of stage one and two symptoms, plus the following:

  • Arthritis in your joints
  • Vertigo or dizziness
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Heart rhythm disturbances
  • Brain fog
  • Numbness in your limbs
  • Cognitive dysfunction

Many of these symptoms are common to other conditions, so seeking a diagnosis from a Lyme-literate doctor is a must. Doctors not as familiar with Lyme disease may misdiagnose your symptoms or prescribe medicines to treat your symptoms but not get to the root cause.

What Treatments Get Rid of Spirochetes?

The initial treatment to eliminate Lyme disease spirochetes includes antibiotics. Most general doctors prescribe oral antibiotics, which can be enough for many people. Up to 20% of people with spirochetes, however, antibiotics do not work. They need alternative treatments to rid the body of spirochetes completely.

Lyme-literate doctors use the following to give you the highest chances of success:

  • IV Antibiotics– rather than prescribe oral medicines that degrade the digestive system, Lyme-literate doctors administer antibiotics directly into your bloodstream through intravenous methods.
  • Therapeutic Apheresis – exchanging plasma, red blood cells, or other parts of your infected blood for donated healthy blood- can offer immediate relief. This non-invasive outpatient procedure is done in a few hours using an apheresis machine.
  • Biofilm Eradication– Since spirochetes build biofilms to protect them from the immune system and antibiotics, doctors must find a way to eliminate the biofilms so they can then get rid of the bacteria. Biofilm eradication breaks down the shield so binding agents can attach to the spirochete and flush it out of your system.
  • Immune-Boosting ProtocolsImmunomodulation, detox, nutrition, and supplements are a few methods to help boost your immune system so it can do what it was designed to do: fight pathogens. With Lyme disease, the immune system is sometimes overactive, and others are underactive. Lyme-literate doctors have protocols to treat both to get your immune system working again.

Even after successfully treating and eliminating Lyme spirochetes, you must learn how to prevent future tick bites. Humans can be infected with spirochetes more than once.

Prevention Tips

You can do multiple things to avoid a tick bite, like wearing clothing that covers your skin outdoors in tick habitats. Use repellents on your clothing and shoes. As soon as you return from outdoors, check your body for ticks. Do the same for your pets.

One of the best things you can do is to reach out to a Lyme-literate doctor who can give you more specific details on prevention, symptoms, and treatments.

Consider traveling outside the United States, Canada, and the UK to Mexico to meet with a top clinic, Lyme Mexico. We can discuss your symptoms and the alternative treatment options that work.


Spirochetes in Focus: Lyme Disease's Root Cause - Lyme Mexico

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